托福听力task3是分开说还是混合说

2017-03-22编辑: 戴杲蔚来自: 环球教育无锡学校

学生在学习托福口语第三题的时候往往会有一个困惑,尤其是看了一些网络上提供的参考答案后,这个困惑就更困扰了—— 第三题先是阅读文章(基本是学校的一个变化或是一个学生建议学校的一个变化+阐述理由/其他一些重要信息),其次是听力中会出现男女学生的对话(基本是表达态度:支持or反对+2点理由),那么最后summarize中究竟是应该把阅读里的点和听力里的点分开说好呢,还是和一起说好呢?

我认为,不管是分开说还是综合说要根据具体题目进行选择,硬性要按哪种方式说都会给学生备考带来诸多难处。我认为如果听力对话中的学生态度是肯定前面阅读部分的话,不妨将阅读听力放在一起概括,这样不会使学生总结时出现重复点.举个例子::TPO5-task3,阅读材料如下:

【例题】阅读材料

Campus Dining Club Announced

Starting this year, the university dining hall will be transformed into The Campus Dining Club for one week at the end of each semester. During the last week of each semester, the dining hall will feature special meals prepared by the university’s culinary arts students. The school feels that this will give students who are studying cooking and food preparation valuable experience that will help them later, when they pursue careers. The university has announced that it will charge a small additional fee for these dinners in order to pay for the special gourmet food ingredients that will be required.

例题分析

听力对话中,男生是肯定了这一改变,理由是1、这个改变的确可以有利于cooking majors的未来工作;2、即使要收费也值了,因为可以用这比在外面餐馆里吃便宜得多的费用吃上不比外面餐馆里差的美味。那么这时,如果硬要学生将阅读听力分开来说,那学生基本就会说成:

The school announced that...because such program is good for their career seeking in the future. But students have to pay a small additional fee for the special materials needed in the dining club. In the conversation, the boy considers that change indeed provides a good chance for those cooking majors to find a good job... Though students have to pay a small additional fee, it is still worthwhile, because...

大家可以看到这样难免重复,尤其对于口语组织不是特别好的同学来说更是雪上加霜,因为时间上很可能不够。那因此,碰上这样的情况,本人认为,最好能够综合在一起说,避免重复,节约时间。例:

The school announced that...Considering it is a good change, the boy in the conversation uses his cousin’s experience in such program to support his attitude...For the small additional fee mentioned in the announcement, the boy still thinks it is worthwhile, because...

那么对于对话中的态度对于阅读材料的内容是反对的,我觉得完全可以分开来说,先把阅读中的重要点简单凝练地概括,接下去阐述听力中的态度和观点,因为这样更清晰直观,不用学生一会说阅读中的内容一会说听力中的内容,然后又返回到阅读中的内容,接着又说听力中的内容,这样反复不但不利于学生对材料进行组织,更不利于考官对学生口语内容的理解.


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